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 In 332 BC Alexander

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ViestiAihe: In 332 BC Alexander    In 332 BC Alexander  I_icon_minitimeKe Heinä 13, 2011 11:05 pm

In 332 BC Alexander the Great conquered Egypt with little resistance from the Persians. He was welcomed by the Egyptians as a deliverer. He visited Memphis, and went on pilgrimage to the oracle of Amun at the Oasis of Siwa. The oracle declared him to be the son of Amun-Re.[4] He conciliated the Egyptians by the respect which he showed for their religion. While Macedonians commanded military garrisons, including at Memphis and Pelusium, Alexander left the civil administration in local control; initially there were two, later one governor.[5] Alexander founded a new Greek city, Alexandria, to be a major commercial port.[6] This city, where Alexander was buried,[7] grew, quickly becoming as well Egypt's administrative capital and an intellectual centre.[8]

The wealth of Egypt could now be harnessed for Alexander's conquest of the rest of the Persian Empire. Early in 331 BC he was ready to depart, and led his forces away to Phoenicia. He left Cleomenes as the ruling nomarch to control Egypt in his absence.colleges
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